I am fond of mosaics. I even took a mosaics class (alas about 10 years ago) and created my own “Roman eagle”.
Today it rests under an acacia tree, in our country house, looking very decadent (it lost many tesserae during the years) and strongly needing an ultimate choice about its destiny (restoration or garbage can).
Anyway, I already posted an article some time ago on the beautiful Coiedii Domus mosaics and today I would like to share with you my enthusiasm about the mosaics under the cathedral in Pesaro.
The cathedral in Pesaro was built on an area previously occupied by two early Christian basilicas: the first one dating back to 4th-5th century a.D. and the second dating back to the 6th century a.D.
Traces of the two basilicas are to be found in the two superposed mosaic floors, being the most recent partially visible through a few glass windows opening on the present floor.
The church became the city cathedral in the first decades of the 7th century, when the body of Saint Terence (San Terenzio) was tranferred inside (being San Terenzio the first bishop, martyr and patron of the city who died in ca. 247). Today – and since 1663 – the cathedral is dedicated to the Blessed Mary Assumed in Heaven.
The most valuable artistical element of the cathedral is the upper mosaic floor of the 6th century, one of Italy’s largest and most beautiful mosaics.
The mosaic floor, divided into nine panels, is rich in simbology, some of Eastern-Byzantine origin and others of Western-Medieval origin: an artistical and historical overview on about 7 centuries.
If you ever go, you can also visit the Diocesan Museum right in front of the cathedral and please also go and visit the Coiedii Domus in Castellone di Suasa (an hour drive from Pesaro but really worth the trouble).